Earlier, we talked about Subjects and Predicates, the parts of a sentence that make it complete. When we talked about this, we also mentioned sentence fragments and run-on sentences. You might recall that run-on sentences can be fixed rather easily in a few different ways. One way is to think of taking the run-on sentence, and creating an independent and a dependent clause within it.
Wait a second… what did she just say?
Okay, let’s try to make this as simple as we can.

An independent clause is a sentence… that’s it…. Just a sentence that can stand on its own… independent of anything else. Here’s an example:

My teacher is talking about clauses.
A dependent clause has to lean on something else. It depends on another part of the sentence to make sense. I’ll show you:

Because this grammar stuff is complicated, my teacher is talking about clauses.


My teacher is talking about clauses because this grammar stuff is complicated.
Did you notice the clauses are in bold? Did you also notice where the dependent clause can be placed in a sentence? You did! You are so good at this grammar stuff! That’s right! A dependent clause can go BEFORE the independent clause, or it can go AFTER the independent clause!
You might be asking yourself by now, “So what? Why should I know this?”

Here’s the answer: When we use dependent clauses within our sentences, we make our writing more interesting! (Did you see that? Another dependent clause in bold letters!)
By adding a dependent clause to a sentence, we are able to give more information. (There’s another one!)
You might have also noticed that I’ve used a comma between the clauses when the dependent clause comes first in the sentence. The comma helps the reader to understand that part of the sentence is extra information… not the main sentence part.
A sentence does not need a comma when the dependent clause comes after the main sentence. (Not another one!)
There are some words that signal you a dependent clause is in a sentence. Here is a short list of words to look for:

because, before, after, although, if, when, whenever, since, while, as, until, unless
Let’s see if Tim and Moby can help clear this up! (Remember you may need to log into brainpop – user name - leolaes, password - leolaes
What about a few games to see if we really understand?
Sentence Speedway lets you identify which sentence parts are dependent or independent clauses.